Date of Graduation

Fall 2008

Degree

Master of Science in Biology

Department

Biology

Committee Chair

Daniel Beckman

Keywords

aquatic invertebrate, community index, multi-metric, bioassessment, Buffalo River, Arkansas, water-quality

Subject Categories

Biology

Abstract

A multi-metric Buffalo River Index of Community Integrity (BRICI) was developed by the National Park Service to assess the aquatic invertebrate community of the Buffalo River, Arkansas. The BRICI has been successfully used on the main-stem of the river, but not evaluated on tributaries in the watershed. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the BRICI, comprised of 10 metrics, on tributaries in the Buffalo River watershed and then compare them to the Missouri Stream Community Index (SCI) that uses only four individual metrics. Available water-quality, habitat, and watershed-level geospatial data were used to determine which index serves as the better predictor of community integrity in the watershed. Based on significant findings, the BRICI appears to be more responsive than the SCI to the local and regional environmental factors of the composition, vegetation, specific conductance, and nitrogen levels. It was more consistent in detecting changes in impairment over time at one year and ten year intervals of available data. Similarity among invertebrate distributions generally reflects the BRICI impairment findings indicating that the BRICI is appropriate for use for all tributaries within the watershed and across ecoregions.

Copyright

© Janice Arlene Mixon-Hinsey

Campus Only

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