Song Recognition Without Identification: When People Cannot "Name That Tune" but Can Recognize It as Familiar
Recognition without identification (RWI) is a common day-to-day experience (as when recognizing a face or a tune as familiar without being able to identify the person or the song). It is also a well-established laboratory-based empirical phenomenon: When identification of recognition test items is prevented, participants can discriminate between studied and unstudied test items. The present study demonstrates this finding in the realm of music. A song RWI effect is reported across 4 experiments, despite very low identification rates in each. The effect was found with unidentifiable song fragments (Experiment 1), with song notes removed from their original rhythms (Experiment 2), and with songs unidentifiable from their tapped out rhythms (Experiments 3 and 4). Theoretical implications of these results are relevant to both the study of familiarity-based recognition and the study of music cognition. © 2009 American Psychological Association.
familiarity, music cognition, recognition memory
Kostic, Bogdan, and Anne M. Cleary. "Song recognition without identification: When people cannot" name that tune" but can recognize it as familiar." Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 138, no. 1 (2009): 146.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: General