An Empirical Validation of a Theory of Punishment
This study examined whether the traditional classification of penal-orientation — retribution, deterrence, and rehabilitation — would emerge empirically. The study sample consisted of 150 criminal justice functionaries (judges, defense counsel, prosecutors, social workers, and probation officers). Analysis indicated that the hypothesized dimensions of penal-orientation above were not supported. The new dimensions, which were empirically separable and interpretable were “retribution-deters,” “rehabilitation for society,” and “rehabilitation for individual.”. © 1994, Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. All rights reserved.
School of Social Work
Chung, Woo Sik, and John T. Pardeck. "An empirical validation of a theory of punishment." International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice 18, no. 1-2 (1994): 221-248.
International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice