An eyemarking study of anticipation and dysfluency among elementary school stutterers
A list of 144 words was presented to 15 school-age stutterers who were instructed to mark those words on which they would expect to be dysfluent if they were to readthem aloud. Subsequently, a computer-controlled eyemarker recorded the subjects' saccadic movements as they silently read a passage made up of these words. Then, they were videotaped as they orally read the passage. The childrens' expectations were not predictive of the words on which stuttering occured. Moreover, during silent reading, the subjects did not fixate more frequently on words subsequently stuttered than on those later spoken fluently. However, the duration of eye fixations during silent reading were longer for words that were subsequently stuttered than they were for those later spoken fluently. The latter finding suggest that school-aged children, like adults, show evidence of word-specific anticipation of dysfluency. © 1991.
Communication Sciences and Disorders
Bakker, Klaas, Gene J. Brutten, Peggy Janssen, and Sjoeke Van der Meulen. "An eyemarking study of anticipation and dysfluency among elementary school stutterers." Journal of fluency disorders 16, no. 1 (1991): 25-33.
Journal of Fluency Disorders