Effects of a training program to enhance autonomy supportive behaviors among youth soccer coaches
This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and implementation of a training emphasizing the use of autonomy supportive coaching behaviors among youth soccer coaches in game-play situations as well as evaluating its effects on motivational processes among athletes. Participants included youth sport soccer coaches and their intact teams. Coaches received a series of autonomy-supportive coaching training interventions based on successful programs in general and physical education (Reeve, Jang, Carrell, Jeon & Barch, 2004; Cheon, Reeve & Moon, 2012). Athletes completed questionnaires to assess perceived autonomy support, basic need satisfaction, and motivation (Harris & Watson, 2011). Observations indicated coaches were not able to significantly modify their behaviors, yet reflectively reported modest implementation of autonomy supportive behaviors. Coaches believed the training influenced their coaching style/philosophy in regards to the coach-athlete relationship and communication styles, emphasizing choice and rationales. Continued research is needed to enhance use of autonomy supportive behaviors with volunteer coaches in a youth sport environment.
autonomy supportive coaching, self-determination theory, youth sport
Langdon, Jody, Robert Schlote, Brandonn Harris, Glenn Burdette, and Sara Rothberger. "Effects of a training program to enhance autonomy supportive behaviors among youth soccer coaches." Journal of Human Sport and Exercise 10, no. 1 (2015): 1-14.
Journal of Human Sport and Exercise