Graphene-Supported Platinum and Platinum-Ruthenium Nanoparticles with High Electrocatalytic Activity for Methanol and Ethanol Oxidation
In this study, Pt and Pt-Ru nanoparticles were synthesized on graphene sheets and their electrocatalytic activity for methanol and ethanol oxidation was investigated. Experimental results demonstrate that, in comparison to the widely-used Vulcan XC-72R carbon black catalyst supports, graphene-supported Pt and Pt-Ru nanoparticles demonstrate enhanced efficiency for both methanol and ethanol electro-oxidations with regard to diffusion efficiency, oxidation potential, forward oxidation peak current density, and the ratio of the forward peak current density to the reverse peak current density. For instance, the forward peak current density of methanol oxidation for graphene- and carbon black-supported Pt nanoparticles is 19.1 and 9.76 mA/cm2, respectively; and the ratios are 6.52 and 1.39, respectively; the forward peak current density of ethanol oxidation for graphene- and carbon black-supported Pt nanoparticles is 16.2 and 13.8 mA/cm2, respectively; and the ratios are 3.66 and 0.90, respectively. These findings favor the use of graphene sheets as catalyst supports for both direct methanol and ethanol fuel cells.
Physics, Astronomy, and Materials Science
Dong, Lifeng, Raghavendar Reddy Sanganna Gari, Zhou Li, Michael M. Craig, and Shifeng Hou. "Graphene-supported platinum and platinum–ruthenium nanoparticles with high electrocatalytic activity for methanol and ethanol oxidation." Carbon 48, no. 3 (2010): 781-787.