Title

Child Safety in Grocery Stores: The Impact of Verbal Prompts and Reinforcement on Safety Strap Use in Shopping Carts

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2014

Keywords

behavioral safety, shopping carts, prompts

Abstract

Head and face injuries requiring a hospital visit are a consistent problem for young children shopping with their caregivers. Falls from shopping carts are the most common cause of such injuries. Using a reversal design with a 2-month follow-up, research assistants verbally prompted caregivers with small children seated in a shopping cart to put a safety strap on their child when entering a grocery store. Compliance resulted in the child receiving a gold star sticker. The sticker was used to identify participants for subsequent data collection when exiting the store. Verbal prompts and stickers increased safety belt use, and most children (95%) remained strapped in during their entire visit. A 2-month follow-up showed the effects to be short lived.

Recommended Citation

Clayton, Michael C., Julie Blaskewicz Boron, and Leanna Mattila. "Child Safety in Grocery Stores: The Impact of Verbal Prompts and Reinforcement on Safety Strap Use in Shopping Carts." Journal of Organizational Behavior Management 34, no. 1 (2014): 52-58.

DOI for the article

10.1080/01608061.2013.873380

Department

Psychology

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