Title

Evidence for the distinction between "consonantal-/r/" and "vocalic-/r/" in American English

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2015

Keywords

consonantal-r, phonetics, rhotics, transcription, vocalic-r

Abstract

We examine the distinction between "consonantal-r" and "vocalic-r" in American English, terms encountered in the speech pathology literature but rarely in phonetic studies. We review evidence from phonetics, phonology and therapy, and describe our own study which measured percentage rhoticity in pre- and post-vocalic /r/. We suggest that the evidence supports a view that there is no more variation between pre-vocalic and post-vocalic /r/ than found in many other consonants. We also evaluate the different transcription traditions for post-vocalic /r/ in American English (as a consonant or a vowel), and describe a preliminary study demonstrating that these transcriptions are not equivalent, and denote different realisations.

Recommended Citation

Lockenvitz, Sarah, Karrie Kuecker, and Martin J. Ball. "Evidence for the distinction between “consonantal-/r/” and “vocalic-/r/” in American English." Clinical linguistics & phonetics 29, no. 8-10 (2015): 613-622.

DOI for the article

10.3109/02699206.2015.1047962

Department

Communication Sciences and Disorders

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