Facing the challenges of the year 2000: Learning to manage multidimensional workers
The "organization man" of the 1950s was characterized by an all-encompassing commitment to the work organization. Today, workers are multidimensional and seek a balance between work and nonwork commitments. Research to date has addressed the capacity for multiple commitments simplistically by examining two simultaneously held commitments, such as work organization--family, work organization--union, and work organization--church. Research is needed that examines people's simultaneous and multiple commitments to all of the relevant organizations in their lives. We have proceeded from the one-dimensional "organization man" to the dually-committed person; we now need to consider the person with multiple commitments. A model of multiple organizational commitment is presented, and implications and research directions are discussed.
Phelps, Jeanne A., Kirk L. Rogg, Ronald G. Downey, and Patrick A. Knight. "Facing the challenges of the year 2000: Learning to manage multidimensional workers." The International Journal of Public Administration 17, no. 3-4 (1994): 555-587.
The International Journal of Public Administration