Lean on me: Effects of social support on low socioeconomic-status pregnant women

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co‐rumination, depression, prenatal health, prenatal stress, social support, socioeconomic status


This study identified how close relationships are related to low‐income pregnant women's ability to cope and overall health. Previous research has shown that stress during pregnancy is related to long‐term negative physical and psychological health outcomes for both the mother and the infant. Lower socioeconomic status has been related to higher morbidity and mortality across the lifespan. Women typically rely on close relationships for social support to help reduce stress. However, stress levels can be elevated when women engage in co‐rumination. Co‐rumination is defined as excessive problem discussion with negative‐affect focus. Thirty‐one low‐income pregnant women from central Oklahoma, USA, reported their daily stressors, social support, communication habits with friends and family, and general health in a series of questionnaires at a prenatal visit. The results revealed that daily stressors, co‐rumination with friends, and the relationship with the baby's father were related to physical pain and depressive symptoms. The results suggested that specific social support dynamics, such as co‐rumination, during pregnancy have implications for the health of low‐income mothers and their infants.

Recommended Citation

Byrd‐Craven, Jennifer, and Amber R. Massey. "Lean on me: Effects of social support on low socioeconomic‐status pregnant women." Nursing & health sciences 15, no. 3 (2013): 374-378.

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