Effects of group goal content on group processes, collective efficacy, and satisfaction
We examined the efficacy of groups possessing learning as opposed to performance goals on an interactive group task. As such, we predicted that the possession of learning goals focuses groups more on strategic processes than the possession of performance or do-best goals. We further hypothesized that collective efficacy beliefs are most strongly correlated with performance for groups that possess performance goals because performance goals direct attention to task outcomes. Results indicated that groups assigned learning goals discussed more strategic information and reported greater satisfaction with performance. In addition, the relationship between task performance and collective efficacy was stronger for performance-goal groups than learning-goal groups. Overall, results suggested that causing groups to attend to processes required for effective group performance influences how groups regulate behavior and interpret feedback.
Winton, Steven L., and Thomas D. Kane. "Effects of group goal content on group processes, collective efficacy, and satisfaction." Journal of Applied Social Psychology 46, no. 2 (2016): 129-139.
Journal of Applied Social Psychology