Environmental factors associated with larval habitats of malaria vectors in northern Kyunggi Province, Republic of Korea


The larval habitats of malaria vectors near the Demilitarized Zone of the Republic of Korea (ROK) were sampled from June through September 2000 to determine larval abundance and to identify environmental factors associated with high larval density. Six primary habitats were identified: rice fields, irrigation ditches, drainage ditches, stream pools, irrigation pools, and marshes. Most habitats harbored similar densities of larvae until August and September, when population densities in rice fields declined and those in irrigation pools increased. The primary vector in the ROK, Anopheles sinensis, occurred in water with a wide range of values for environmental factors, including pH, total dissolved solids, percent of surface covered with floating vegetation, and nitrate and phosphate concentrations. No environmental factor or combination of factors were found that were predictive of high larval densities. This study suggests that larval Anopheles are capable of developing in a wide range of stagnant, freshwater habitats in northern Kyunggi Province, ROK.

Document Type



Anopheles lesteri, Anopheles sinensis, Anopheles yatsushiroensis, Habitat, Plasmodium vivax, Republic of Korea, Water quality

Publication Date


Journal Title

Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association