Staphylinid (Rove) Beetle Dermatitis Outbreak in the American Southwest?
An outbreak of a blistering disease was reported in a military unit training in the Arizona desert during heavy rain and flooding. In a unit of 249 personnel, 33 presented with dermatologic complaints, and 4 met stringent diagnostic criteria for dermatitis linearis. A fifth patient presented with symptoms and signs of 'Nairobi eye,' Staphylinid (rove) beetles related to the paederids, which have been responsible for vesicular dermatitis outbreaks in other parts of the world but not previously in the United States, were collected at the site. Reports in the antique scientific literature document paederids in the area after periodic floods. These findings suggest that rove beetle dermatitis should be added to the differential diagnosis of vesicular dermatitis in western North America.
Olson, Patrick E., David M. Claborn, James M. Polo, Kenneth C. Earhart, and Sterling S. Sherman. "Staphylinid (rove) beetle dermatitis outbreak in the American southwest?." Military medicine 164, no. 3 (1999): 209-213.