Title

Dispositional mindfulness, perceived social support, and academic motivation: Exploring differences between Dutch and American students

Abstract

Multiple countries have examined dispositional mindfulness, perceived social support, and psychological well-being within their own populations. However, no cross-cultural comparisons of these constructs have been pursued. The present study aimed to address this gap by analyzing these variables across two countries. University students from the Netherlands and the midwestern United States completed a survey, which assessed their perceived social support, their mindfulness awareness, and their basic psychological needs (i.e., autonomy, relatedness, and competence). Results indicated that Dutch students endorsed higher levels of dispositional mindfulness and basic psychological needs than midwestern American students. A connection between mindfulness levels and perceived parental support appeared in both cultures. Limitations of this study and future research areas are discussed.

Department(s)

Psychology

Document Type

Article

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.newideapsych.2019.05.003

Keywords

Autonomy, Competence, Cross-cultural, Mindfulness, Relatedness, Social support

Publication Date

1-1-2020

Journal Title

New Ideas in Psychology

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