Agonist-induced phosphorylation and desensitization of the P2Y2 nucleotide receptor
Purification of HA-tagged P2Y2 receptors from transfected human 1321N1 astrocytoma cells yielded a protein with a molecular size determined by SDS-PAGE to be in the range of 57-76 kDa, which is typical of membrane glycoproteins with heterogeneous complex glycosylation. The protein phosphatase inhibitor, okadaic acid, attenuated the recovery of receptor activity from the agonist-induced desensitized state, suggesting a role for P2Y2 receptor phosphorylation in desensitization. Isolation of HA-tagged P2Y2 nucleotide receptors from metabolically [32P]-labelled cells indicated a (3.8 ± 0.2)-fold increase in the [32P]-content of the receptor after 15 min of treatment with 100 μM UTP, as compared to immunoprecipitated receptors from untreated control cells. Receptor sequestration studies indicated that ∼40% of the surface receptors were internalized after a 15-min stimulation with 100 μM UTP. Point mutation of three potential GRK and PKC phosphorylation sites in the third intracellular loop and C-terminal tail of the P2Y2 receptor (namely, S243A, T344A, and S356A) extinguished agonist-induced receptor phosphorylation, caused a marked reduction in the efficacy of UTP to desensitize P2Y2 receptor signalling to intracellular calcium mobilization, and impaired agonist-induced receptor internalization. Activation of PKC isoforms with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate that caused heterologous receptor desensitization did not increase the level of P2Y2 receptor phosphorylation. Our results indicate a role for receptor phosphorylation by phorbol-insensitive protein kinases in agonist-induced desensitization of the P2Y2 nucleotide receptor.
Cystic fibrosis, Extracellular nucleotides, Intracellular calcium mobilization, Receptor desensitization
Flores, Rosa V., Melvin G. Hernández-Pérez, Edna Aquino, Richard C. Garrad, Gary A. Weisman, and Fernando A. Gonzalez. "Agonist-induced phosphorylation and desensitization of the P2Y 2 nucleotide receptor." Molecular and cellular biochemistry 280, no. 1-2 (2005): 35-45.
Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry