Enhancing the efficacy and empowerment of older adults through group formation
Research suggests that efficacy and empowerment are necessary for social engagement and that a sense of efficacy and empowerment exerts positive influences on older adults. However, little is known about how individual efficacy and empowerment are affected by group efficacy and empowerment in later life. To assess the impact of group involvement on the individual, the authors conducted a follow-up study with members of an art guild for older adults. Qualitative data were collected in 1997 and 2001 to ascertain the members' perceptions of group goals and accomplishments, membership benefits, the effect on the community, societal views about older adults, and the impact of group activities on the individual. The results clearly indicated that collective efficacy and empowerment through social engagement were beneficial to members as individuals and as a group, and contributed to well-being through a general sense of accomplishment and pride.
Art guild, Efficacy, Elderly, Empowerment, Group formation
Fisher, Bradley J., and Carol A. Gosselink. "Enhancing the efficacy and empowerment of older adults through group formation." Journal of Gerontological Social Work 51, no. 1-2 (2008): 2-18.
Journal of Gerontological Social Work