Verbal analogical reasoning in children with language-learning disabilities
This study was designed to explore the influences of both cognitive and linguistic abilities on verbal analogy completion. School-age children classified as language-learning disabled were administered five types of verbal analogies: synonyms, antonyms, linear order, category membership, and functional relationship. The performance of the children with language learning disabilities was compared with one group of normally developing children matched for mental age and another group matched for language age. Results indicated that the group matched for mental age performed better than the other two groups on all types of analogies Although they had significantly higher mental ages, the children with language-learning disabilities did no better than the language-matched group on any analogy type except antonyms.
Communication Sciences and Disorders
Analogical reasoning, Cognition, Language, Language-learning disabilities, Vocabulary
Masterson, Julie J., Lea Helen Evans, and Mark Aloia. "Verbal analogical reasoning in children with language-learning disabilities." Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research 36, no. 1 (1993): 76-82.
Journal of Speech and Hearing Research