Body composition by hydrostatic weighing at total lung capacity and residual volume
Body composition by hydrostatic weighing at total lung capacity and residual volume. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 16, No. 4, pp. 411’414, 1984. Body density and percent fat were determined by hydrostatic weighing (HW) at residual volume (RV), total lung capacity measured on land (TLCL), and total lung capacity measured in water (TLCW) in 50 male and 50 female subjects. Residual volume was measured on land by using the helium dilution method. Vital capacity was measured both on land and with the subject submerged to the neck in water. Total lung capacity was reduced during water submersion by 6.7 and 5.1% in males and females, respectively. Body density was 1.0588 ± 0.0215, 1.0581 ± 0.0207, and 1.0634 ± 0.0214 for males, and 1.0246 ± 0.0219, 1.0242 ± 0.0233, and 1.0276 ± 0.0238 for females at RV, TLCW, and TLCL, respectively. Percent fat was 17.7 ±9.7, 18.0 ± 9.3, and 15.7 ± 9.5 for males, and 33.4 ± 10.3, 33.5± 10.8, and 32.0 ± 11.0 for females at RV, TLCW, and TLCL, respectively. Body density and percent fat were similar when measured by HW at RV and by HW at TLCW. Body density and percent fat measured by HW at TLCL were different than when measured by HW at RV (P<0.001). The subjects, using a modified 10-point Borg Scale, rated the HW procedure easier to perform at TLC than at RV (P<0.001). The results of this study indicate that measurement of body density and percent fat by HW at TLCW and HW at RV are similar, but if measured by HW at TLCL, body density is overestimated and percent fat is underestimated. © 1984 The American College of Sports Medicine.
Body density, Hydrostatic weighing, Percent fat, Residual volume, Total lung capacity
Timson, Benjamin F., and Jerry L. Coffman. "Body composition by hydrostatic weighing at total lung capacity and residual volume." Medicine and science in sports and exercise 16, no. 4 (1984): 411-414.
Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise