Tasks for assessing memory for temporal order versus memory for items in aging
Younger and older adults were compared on new tests for item and temporal memory suitable for use in future electrophysiological or neuroimaging studies. Following a series of 10 simple line drawings, 4-choice panels containing two previously seen targets and two novel distractors appeared. Participants identified which pictures had been seen previously (item), or which of the items was presented earliest (temporal order). Performance of younger adults was superior to that of older adults. Memory for item and temporal order were equivalent in the younger group. In contrast, the item memory of the older group was superior to memory for temporal order, confirming previous evidence of differential impairment of memory for temporal order with age.
Newman, Mary C., John JB Allen, and Alfred W. Kaszniak. "Tasks for assessing memory for temporal order versus memory for items in aging." Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition 8, no. 1 (2001): 72-78.
Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition