SELECTIVE PUNISHMENT OF INTERRESPONSE TIMES: THE ROLES OF SHOCK INTENSITY AND SCHEDULING
Two experiments investigated the roles of shock intensity and scheduling in selective punishment of interresponse times. In each experiment the punishment contingencies were imposed on a background of rats' responding maintained by a variable‐interval schedule of food presentation. In Experiment 1 all interresponse times greater than 8 seconds produced shock. In Experiment 2 all interresponse times greater than 8 seconds but less than 12 seconds produced shock. In each experiment shock intensity was initially 0.3 milliamperes (mA) and then was varied through an ascending sequence ranging from 0.1 mA to 0.4 mA, in 0.1‐mA increments. Experiment 1 produced response‐rate increases at low intensities (0.1 and 0.2 mA) but eliminated responding at the remaining intensities. Experiment 2 produced response‐rate increases only with 0.1‐mA shock, although responding was maintained at all shock parameters investigated. Analysis of the interresponse times per opportunity showed differential suppression of the targeted responses in all cases except the high‐intensity shock phases of Experiment 1. The current data support and extend previous studies of selective interresponse‐time‐dependent shock schedules but suggest that response‐rate increases are not a necessary outcome of this type of procedure. The view that variable‐interval schedules of shock presentation selectively target long interresponse times was also supported. 1985 Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
bar pressing, interresponse times, punishment, punishment intensity, rats, shock‐elicited behavior, shock‐maintained behavior, variable‐interval punishment
Sizemore, O. J., and F. R. Maxwell. "Selective punishment of interresponse times: The roles of shock intensity and scheduling." Journal of the experimental analysis of behavior 44, no. 3 (1985): 355-366.
Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior