Differential punishment of other behavior: Effects of pause-dependent shock on variable-interval performance
Three albino rats were exposed to a differential-punishment-of-other-behavior shock schedule superimposed on a variable-interval schedule of food presentation. With this arrangement, failure to barpress for a specified interval since the previous response resulted in delivery of shock. This procedure reliably decreased the number of specified pauses and was accompanied by increases in barpress rates and shifts in the distribution of responses. Subsequent exposure to noncontingent shock produced similar, but quantitatively smaller, changes for two of the three subjects. Training with barpress-dependent shock and reexposure to noncontingent shock further diminished these effects. This study demonstrates that pauses are conditionable units of behavior insofar as they are sensitive to a punishment contingency. In terms of the targeted unit of behavior, the current findings are similar to those obtained with barpress-dependent or interresponse-time-dependent shock schedules and suggest a continuum of response specification. © 1983 Psychonomic Society, Inc.
Sizemore, O. J., and F. R. Maxwell. "Differential punishment of other behavior: Effects of pause-dependent shock on variable-interval performance." Animal Learning & Behavior 11, no. 2 (1983): 266-274.
Animal Learning & Behavior