The Late Ottoman Cemetery in Field L, Tall Hisban
Transjordan witnessed significant social and economic changes in the last quarter of the 19th century. The introduction of direct rule in the region by the Ottoman government transformed traditional tribal life, resulting in the settlement of formerly nomadic groups, the transition to an agrarian way of life, and the opening up of markets formerly inaccessible to indigenous tribal groups. This paper considers the impact of the Tanzimat on the tribes of Transjordan through their burial practices. The discovery of a "Bedouin" cemetery at Tall Hisban in 1998 has provided an opportunity to study the traditional funerary practices of one tribe, identified as the Adwan, before its sedentarization in the early 20th century. The composition of the burial goods indicates that members participated in an extensive exchange network, one that embraced the Red Sea and the towns of Palestine.
Walker, Bethany J. "The Late Ottoman Cemetery in Field L, Tall Hisban." Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 322, no. 1 (2001): 47-65.