Gender Differences in the Returns to and the Acquisition of On-the-Job Training
This article finds that gender differences in on‐the‐job training significantly affect the male/female wage gap. First, we find that previously trained workers exhibit larger cumulative wage gains during their current training. Thus, a substantial portion of the gender wage gap results from the fact that women have little prior training relative to men. Second, a significant amount of the observed male/female wage differential is explained by less female acquisition of current training. Gender differences in workplace promotion and training practices help explain why women accumulate less training than men. Both of these sources of gender differences have lessened from 1976 to 1985, which has led to a narrowing of the male/female wage gap.
Olsen, Reed Neil, and Edwin A. Sexton. "Gender differences in the returns to and the acquisition of on‐the‐job training." Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society 35, no. 1 (1996): 59-77.