Pathways to Political Respect in American State Legislatures
We developed a causal model depicting personal and institutional pathways to political respect and tested it with data drawn from a nationwide survey of over 2,400 state legislators. Working from the premise that respected legislators are those most often approached by colleagues for legislative information and advice, we observe that direct paths to political respect include networking, leadership position, seniority, parliamentary expertise, legislative obstructionism, and ambition for higher political office. Institutional factors have the strongest impact on political respect, while personal attributes have the weakest impact. Leadership position serves an important intervening role regarding respect for legislators as all exogenous variables influence political respect indirectly through their effects on leadership position.
Ellickson, Mark C., and Donald E. Whistler. "Pathways to Political Respect in American State Legislatures." Politics & Policy 30, no. 3 (2002): 502-522.