American Muslim Investment in Civil Society: Political Discussion, Disagreement, and Tolerance
Using data from a national survey of 465 American Muslims conducted just after the 2008 election season, the authors assess whether American Muslims are invested in the practices (political discussion, especially across lines of difference) and norms (tolerance) that many theorists suggest are crucial to the maintenance of liberal democracy. The authors find that American Muslims tend to be intolerant of acts against religion. The authors' explanation draws on intergroup relations theory, finding that post-September 11, 2001, discrimination served an educational function boosting tolerance, and disagreement in Muslim social networks tends to depress tolerance unless it is with an in-group discussion partner.
Muslims, tolerance, disagreement, social networks, discrimination
Djupe, Paul A., and Brian R. Calfano. "American Muslim investment in civil society: Political discussion, disagreement, and tolerance." Political Research Quarterly 65, no. 3 (2012): 516-528.