Voting for minority candidates in multiracial/multiethnic communities
Recent research suggests that over time the performance of minority officeholders rivals race-based attitudes and group membership as the primary determinant of citizen evaluations of minority officeholders. Here, we examine the determinants of electoral support for an African-American mayor in a multiracial/multiethnic venue. We test alternative explanations (race, social distance, and performance-based models) of voter support for an African-American mayor in a setting where no ethnic or racial group represents more than half the electorate. Our findings indicate that approval ratings coexist with racial-group identification as a determinant of voter support for minority mayors, with one important caveat. Racial voting appears to be more influential in minority candidates' first electoral bids. While race strongly influences voter support for minority mayors during their initial run for office, job approval becomes more important when the minority candidate runs for reelection.
Ethnicity, Race, Urban politics, Voting behavior
Stein, Robert M., Stacy G. Ulbig, and Stephanie Shirley Post. "Voting for minority candidates in multiracial/multiethnic communities." Urban Affairs Review 41, no. 2 (2005): 157-181.
Urban Affairs Review