The organizational dynamics of far-right hate groups in the united states: Comparing violent to nonviolent organizations
Few studies have explored the factors that distinguish violent from nonviolent far-right hate groups. We examine four categories of factors on hate groups: (1) Organizational capacity, (2) Organizational constituency, (3) Strategic connectivity, and (4) Structural arrangements. Age and size, groups in conflict, groups led by charismatic leaders, groups that advocated for leaderless resistance tactics, and region increased a group's propensity to commit violence. Groups that published ideological literature were significantly less likely to be violent. By identifying factors that distinguish violent from nonviolent groups, this study helps us better understand characteristics of violent far-right hate groups in the United States.
Chermak, Steven, Joshua Freilich, and Michael Suttmoeller. "The organizational dynamics of far-right hate groups in the United States: Comparing violent to nonviolent organizations." Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 36, no. 3 (2013): 193-218.
Studies in Conflict and Terrorism