Where the wild things are: animal victimization in federal environmental crime cases
Although there has been a marked increase in studies of animal abuse from a variety of socio-legal and green criminological perspectives in the past two decades, we have a limited empirical understanding of the extent of animal victimization in environmental crime prosecutions in the United States. In order to better understand the nature and distribution of animal victimization in environmental crime prosecutions, we employ a content analysis of federal environmental crime cases, 2001–2011. Out of 972 cases, results show identifiable animal victimization plays a role in six percent of cases. Although animal victimization in environmental crime may be extensive, its role in environmental prosecutions appears secondary. We conclude with possibilities of expanding animal protection via wildlife and environmental law connections.
environmental crime, Environmental law, green criminology, victimization
Jarrell, Melissa, Joshua Ozymy, and William L. Sandel. "Where the wild things are: Animal victimization in federal environmental crime cases." Contemporary Justice Review 20, no. 3 (2017): 319-335.
Contemporary Justice Review: Issues in Criminal, Social, and Restorative Justice