Earnings and ethnicity in Trinidad and Tobago
This study employs 1993 Continuous Sample Survey of the Population (CSSP) data for Trinidad and Tobago to investigate the determinants of earnings by ethnicity. The data, organised into three ethnic groupings, reveal lower levels of remuneration in the labour market for Africans and Indians than for individuals of other ethnicities taken as a whole. While the larger portion of the earnings differentials generally appears to be explained by ethnic differences in characteristics valued by the labour market, Africans and Indians would benefit substantially if they were to receive the same rates of remuneration for their educational endowments as workers of other ethnicities in the Trinidad and Tobago labour market. Notwithstanding Indians' lowest average earnings, Africans appear more likely to be discriminated against.
Coppin, Addington, and Reed Neil Olsen. "Earnings and ethnicity in Trinidad and Tobago." The Journal of Development Studies 34, no. 3 (1998): 116-134.
Journal of Development Studies