The Artesian Branch Site: Late Woodland Occupations in the Mississippi Floodplain of Northeastern Missouri
Excavations at the Artesian Branch site (23LE178/357) were undertaken at the request of the Missouri Department of Transportation. Investigations identified two Late Woodland occupations. The major occupation related to the South Branch culture. A series of radiocarbon dates placed this occupation between cal A.D. 600-850. The assemblage included mainly sand-tempered, net-impressed pottery in association with Scallorn Cluster and Lowe Cluster hafted bifaces. Based on site-structure data, the South Branch settlement represents repeated short-term, possibly seasonal, occupations. The other occupation dated between cal A.D. 900-1000/1100, or to late Late Woodland times. The pottery assemblage consisted mainly of plain and cordmarked jars that were tempered with various types of crushed rock. Scallorn Cluster and Small Triangular Cluster hafted bifaces were also associated with this occupation.
Center for Archaeological Research
Herndon, Richard L., Andrew P. Bradbury, Neal H. Lopinot, Brian G. DelCastello, and Gina S. Powell. "The Artesian Branch Site: Late Woodland Occupations in the Mississippi Floodplain of Northeastern Missouri." Illinois Archaeology: Journal of the Illinois Archaeology Survey 26 (2014).