Chipped-Stone Artifacts in the Gregoire Collection from Rattlesnake Basket Rockshelter (3NW79) in Newton County, Arkansas
Rattlesnake Basket Rockshelter (3NW79) is located on the Boston Mountains Escarpment in southeast Newton County. This rockshelter was occupied intermittently from Late Paleoindian to Late Prehistoric times. A raw material analysis was conducted on diagnostic projectile points and non-diagnostic debitage and bifaces (preforms) in the Gregoire Collection from 3NW79. Although 10 raw material types (local, nonlocal, and exotic) are represented in the collection, the bulk (>90%) of the points and non-diagnostic artifacts were made from three local chert types: Pitkin, Undifferentiated Osagean, and Reeds Spring. These three cherts were procured primarily from residual sources on the middle-to-lower slopes of the Boston Mountains Escarpment approximately 1-6 km (0.6-3.7 mi) distant and 183-329 m (600-1080 ft) below 3NW79.
Center for Archaeological Research
Ray, Jack H. "Chipped-Stone Artifacts in the Gregoire Collection from Rattlesnake Basket Rockshelter (3NW79) in Newton County, Arkansas." Arkansas Archeologist 56 (2018).