Enhanced piezoresponse and nonlinear optical properties of fluorinated self-assembled peptide nanotubes
Self-assembled L,L-diphenylalanine (FF) nanostructures offer an attractive platform for photonics and nonlinear optics. The nonlinear optical (NLO) coefficients of FF nanotubes depend on the diameter of the tube [S. Khanra et al. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 19(4), 3084-3093 (2017)]. To further enhance the NLO properties of FF, we search for structural modifications. Here, we report on the synthesis of fluorinated FF dipeptides by replacing one ortho-hydrogen atom in each of the phenyl groups of FF by a fluorine atom. Density-functional theoretical calculations yield insights into minimum energy conformers of fluorinated FF (Fl-FF). Fl-FF self-assembles akin to FF into micron-length tubes. The effects of fluorination are evaluated on the piezoelectric response and nonlinear optical properties. The piezoelectric d15 coefficient of Fl-FF is found to be more than 10 times higher than that of FF nanotubes, and the intensity of second harmonic generation (SHG) polarimetry from individual Fl-FF nanotubes is more than 20 times that of individual FF nanotubes. Furthermore, we obtain SHG images to compare the intensities of FF and Fl-FF tubes. This work demonstrates the potential of fluorine substitution in other self-assembled biomimetic peptides for enhancing nonlinear optical response and piezoelectricity.
Physics, Astronomy, and Materials Science
© 2019 the Author(s).
Khanra, Soma, Sandra V. Vassiliades, Wendel A. Alves, Kaidi Yang, Rainer Glaser, Kartik Ghosh, Payal Bhattacharya, Ping Yu, and Suchismita Guha. "Enhanced piezoresponse and nonlinear optical properties of fluorinated self-assembled peptide nanotubes." AIP Advances 9, no. 11 (2019): 115202.