Somatic embryogenesis in a broad spectrum of grape genotypes
Somatic embryogenesis is the preferred method for cell-to-plant regeneration of grapevine. In this study, we tested the embryogenic capacity of anther-derived calli from 59 grape genotypes, representing a diverse group of Vitis vinifera and hybrid varieties, and hybrids and accessions of non-vinifera Vitis species. Most genotypes were tested on two types of media: MST1 medium, which contained plant growth regulators (PGRs) 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and thidiazuron (TDZ), and MSE medium, which contained 2,4-D and 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP). Twenty-four of the grape genotypes produced embryogenic callus on one or both of these media, eighteen of which have not been reported to form somatic embryos before. The results also suggested that the various PGR combinations are differentially effective at inducing somatic embryos in various classes of grape genotypes. For example, seven of the eight V. vinifera conv. occidentalis varieties brought forth somatic embryos on MSE medium, and three out of four American Vitis genotypes produced somatic embryos on MST1 medium. We could not observe any apparent association between frequency of callus formation and embryogenic capacity of the anthers.
vitis, somatic embryogenesis, callus, anther, thidiazuron
Oláh, Róbert, Anikó Zok, Andrzej Pedryc, Susanne Howard, and László G. Kovács. "Somatic embryogenesis in a broad spectrum of grape genotypes." Scientia horticulturae 120, no. 1 (2009): 134-137.