Broadband Photodetectors Enabled by Localized Surface Plasmonic Resonance in Doped Iron Pyrite Nanocrystals
The emerging capability to detect light over a broad spectral range is a key to technological applications in sensing, spectroscopy, imaging and communications. Colloidal semiconductor nanocrystal/graphene van der Waals heterojunctions provide a unique scheme that combines the spectral tunability and strong quantum confinement of the semiconductor nanocrystals sensitizers with superior charge mobility of graphene for extraordinary photoconductive gains. While high responsivity has been demonstrated, the spectral range is typically narrow limited by the cutoff of the semiconductor band gap of the nanocrystals. Here, a broadband photosensitizer is reported, based on doped Iron Pyrite nanocubes (FeS2 NCs) that exhibit strong localized surface plasmonic resonance (LSPR) spanning across ultraviolet through visible to near-infrared (UV–Vis–NIR). Using the printed LSPR FeS2 NCs/graphene van der Waals heterostructure, a broadband UV–Vis–NIR photoresponsivity in exceeding 1.08 × 106 A/W has been demonstrated through development of a ligand-exchange process to facilitate efficient charge transfer at the LSPR FeS2 NCs/graphene interface. This result demonstrates the viability of the LSPR semiconductor nanocrystal/graphene van der Waals heterostructure for high-performance broadband optoelectronics with scalability through direct printing.
Physics, Astronomy, and Materials Science
graphene, iron pyrite, localized surface plasmonic resonance, UV–vis–NIR photodetector, van der Waals heterojunctions
Gong, Maogang, Ridwan Sakidja, Qingfeng Liu, Ryan Goul, Dan Ewing, Matthew Casper, Alex Stramel, Alan Elliot, and Judy Z. Wu. "Broadband photodetectors enabled by localized surface plasmonic resonance in doped iron pyrite nanocrystals." Advanced Optical Materials 6, no. 8 (2018): 1701241.
Advanced Optical Materials