Zinc Complexes with Cyanoxime: Structural, Spectroscopic, and Catalysis Studies in the Pivaloylcyanoxime-Zn System


Reaction of 2-hydroxyimino-4,4-dimethyl-3-oxo-pentanenitrile (common abbreviation HPiCO, pivaloyl-cyanoxime) with zinc sulfate in an aqueous solution results in the formation of the two new complexes: [Zn(PiCO){H(PiCO)2}(H2O)] (I) and tetranuclear Zn complex [Zn4(μ3-OH)2(PiCO)6 (H2O)4] (II). Both complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, IR- and UV-visible spectra, DSC/TGA studies, and X-ray analysis. In complex II, the PiCO- cyanoxime anion adopts three bidentate binding modes: O-monodentate, chelating (κ2), and bridging (2) coordinations. Also, the ligand represents the mixture of two diasteromers (cis-anti and cis-syn) that form five- and six-membered chelate rings with Zn atoms and cocrystallize in one unit cell at population of 0.57-0.43. There are two crystallographically different Zn-centers in the ASU, and two μ3-bridging hydroxo-groups arrange via inversion center the formation of an elegant tetranuclear complex. Each Zn atom has a molecule of coordinated water and is in the distorted octahedral environment. Because of the structural flexibility and multidentate propensity of the pivaloyl-cyanoxime, complex II may act as a structural model of naturally occurring Zn-containing enzymes. Indeed, compound I exhibits an efficient catalytic performance for transesterification reaction of various esters in ethanol under mild reaction conditions. Therefore, obtained results allow assignment of observed activity as green catalysis.



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Inorganic Chemistry