Title

Succinic semialdehyde reductase Gox1801 from Gluconobacter oxydans in comparison to other succinic semialdehyde-reducing enzymes

Abstract

Gluconobacter oxydans is an industrially important bacterium that possesses many uncharacterized oxidoreductases, which might be exploited for novel biotechnological applications. In this study, gene gox1801 was homologously overexpressed in G. oxydans and it was found that the relative expression of gox1801 was 13-fold higher than that in the control strain. Gox1801 was predicted to belong to the 3-hydroxyisobutyrate dehydrogenase-type proteins. The purified enzyme had a native molecular mass of 134 kDa and forms a homotetramer. Analysis of the enzymatic activity revealed that Gox1801 is a succinic semialdehyde reductase that used NADH and NADPH as electron donors. Lower activities were observed with glyoxal, methylglyoxal, and phenylglyoxal. The enzyme was compared to the succinic semialdehyde reductase GsSSAR from Geobacter sulfurreducens and the γ-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase YihU from Escherichia coli K-12. The comparison revealed that Gox1801 is the first enzyme from an aerobic bacterium reducing succinic semialdehyde with high catalytic efficiency. As a novel succinic semialdehyde reductase, Gox1801 has the potential to be used in the biotechnological production of γ-hydroxybutyrate.

Department(s)

Biology

Document Type

Article

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-014-6191-8

Keywords

Acetic acid bacteria, Aldehyde reduction, Biotransformation, Incomplete oxidation, Oxidoreductase, γ-Hydroxybutyrate

Publication Date

4-15-2015

Journal Title

Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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