Structure and magnetic properties of co-doped ZnO dilute magnetic semiconductors synthesized via hydrothermal method


Using X-Ray Diffraction, Scanning Electron Microscopy, and Superconducting Quantum Interference Device magnetometer, detailed structural, morphological, and magnetic properties are reported on undoped and cobalt doped ZnO Dilute Magnetic Semiconductors, which were prepared by the hydrothermal method. Synthesis of undoped ZnO and cobalt-doped ZnO nanorods was carried out using aqueous solutions of Zn(NO3)2⋅6H2OZn(NO3)2⋅6H2O , Co(C2H3OO)2⋅4H2OCo(C2H3OO)2⋅4H2O , and NH4OHNH4OH as hydrolytic catalyst. Samples of different sizes and shapes were synthesized by varying process parameters such as solution molarity (0.05M, 0.15M, 0.3M, 0.5M), pH of the precursors in the range 8-11, growth temperature (100°-130°C), growth time (3-6 hrs), and annealing time. Optimum synthesis parameters to grow ZnO and cobalt-doped ZnO nanorods have been obtained. These nanorods show paramagnetic-like behavior. Our results do not indicate ferromagnetism behavior, unlike reported in thin films and nanocrystalline samples. The differences are likely due to the possible role of nanoparticle size, shape, and different oxygen vacancy concentrations.


Physics, Astronomy, and Materials Science
Chemistry and Biochemistry
Biomedical Science

Document Type

Conference Proceeding




Hydrothermal process, Magnetic semiconductors, Nanomaterials, ZnO

Publication Date


Journal Title

AIP Conference Proceedings