What came first, the virus or the egg: Innate immunity during viral coinfections
Infections with any pathogen can be severe and present with numerous complications caused by the pathogen or the host immune response to the invading microbe. However, coinfections, also called polymicrobial infections or secondary infections, can further exacerbate disease. Coinfections are more common than is often appreciated. In this review, we focus specifically on coinfections between viruses and other viruses, bacteria, parasites, or fungi. Importantly, innate immune signaling and innate immune cells that facilitate clearance of the initial viral infection can affect host susceptibility to coinfections. Understanding these immune imbalances may facilitate better diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of such coinfections.
coinfection, immune signaling, inflammation, innate immunity, polymicrobial infection, secondary infection
Rippee‐Brooks, Meagan D., Riley N. Marcinczyk, and Christopher R. Lupfer. "What came first, the virus or the egg: Innate immunity during viral coinfections." Immunological Reviews 297, no. 1 (2020): 194-206.