Characteristics of summer and winter roost trees used by evening bats (Nycticeius humeralis) in Southwestern Missouri
We radio-tracked 13 evening bats (Nycticeius humeralis) to 34 trees during the summer of 2003 and 10 evening bats to 29 trees during the winters of 2003 and 2004. We captured males in every month of the year and provide evidence suggesting that females are also year-round residents of southwestern Missouri. These captures extend the known winter range of N. humeralis at least 110 km northeast. Evening bats selected trees in late stages of decay during the summer, but during the winter they selected a higher proportion of live trees. Comparisons of summer and winter trees suggest that habitat characteristics are more important than tree characteristics in explaining variation between roosts used in the two seasons. Winter roost trees were located in areas with lower average tree height and higher densities of trees. Those attributes would likely cause problems with clutter when leaves are on the trees during summer.
Boyles, Justin G., and Lynn W. Robbins. "Characteristics of summer and winter roost trees used by evening bats (Nycticeius humeralis) in southwestern Missouri." The American midland naturalist 155, no. 1 (2006): 210-220.
American Midland Naturalist