Alarm pheromones of rainbow darters: Responses to skin extracts of conspecifics and congeners
Rainbow darters Etheostoma caeruleum exposed to extracts from macerated skin of both conspecifics and of yoke darkers E. juliae responded with decreased activity. Both species have epidermal sacciform cells that are candidates as the source of the pheromone.
Alarm pheromones, Darters, Etheostoma, Percidae
Commens, A. M., and A. Mathis. "Alarm pheromones of rainbow darters: responses to skin extracts of conspecifics and congeners." Journal of Fish Biology 55, no. 6 (1999): 1359-1362.
Journal of Fish Biology