Title

Discovery of a variable lead-rich hot subdwarf: UVO 0825+15

Abstract

UVO 0825+15 is a hot bright helium-rich subdwarf which lies in K2 Field 5 and in a sample of intermediate helium-rich subdwarfs observed the Subaru High Dispersion Spectrograph. The K2 light curve shows low-amplitude variations, whilst the Subaru spectrum shows Pb IV absorption lines, indicative of a very high lead overabundance. UVO 0825+15 also has a high proper motion with kinematics typical for a thick disc star. Analyses of ultraviolet and intermediate dispersion optical spectra rule out a short-period binary companion and provide fundamental atmospheric parameters of Teff38900±270 K, log g/cms-2=5.97±0.11⁠, log nHe/nH = -0.57 ± 0.01, EB - V ≈ 0.03, and angular radius θ = 1.062 ± 0.006 × 10-11 radians (formal errors). The high-resolution spectrum shows that carbon is >2 dex subsolar, iron is approximately solar, and all other elements heavier than argon are at least 2–4 dex overabundant, including germanium, yttrium and lead. Approximately 150 lines in the blue-optical spectrum remain unidentified. The chemical structure of the photosphere is presumed to be determined by radiatively dominated diffusion. The K2 light curve shows a dominant period around 10.8 h, with a variable amplitude, its first harmonic, and another period at 13.3 h. The preferred explanation is multiperiodic non-radial oscillation due to g modes with very high radial order, although this presents difficulties for pulsation theory. Alternative explanations fail for lack of radial-velocity evidence. UVO 0825+15 represents the fourth member of a group of hot subdwarfs having helium-enriched photospheres and 3–4 dex overabundances of trans-iron elements and is the first lead-rich subdwarf to show evidence of pulsations.

Department(s)

Physics, Astronomy, and Materials Science

Document Type

Article

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stw2852

Rights Information

This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2016 The authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Keywords

chemically peculiar stars, early-type stars, UVO 0825+15, oscillations, subdwarfs, variables stars

Publication Date

2016

Journal Title

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

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