Neutron scattering studies of glassy solid state Li electrolytes
We present characterizations, performed using two different neutron scattering techniques, on superionic materials that are good candidates for use as solid state electrolytes in next generation Li+ ion batteries. The materials are glassy in nature and composed of a complex network of the following sub-units: Li2O, Li2SO4, and 2NH4H2PO2. This disordered structure is integral to its function in that it promotes Li+ ion conduction while suppressing electron conduction, the necessary qualities of a good Li+ electrolyte. We have implemented neutron diffraction to study the formation of crystallites upon heating of the material above 400âˆ˜ C. The crystallite formation is understood to be detrimental to the Li+ ion mobility and, hence, is identified with a diminished performance in devices that require heating in their fabrication process. We have also used a triple-axis spectrometer to begin to separate out the diffuse scattering that results from the disordered structure of the material from the diffuse scattering that results from dynamic processes that occur in it. This is done by a comparative study of the energy resolved versus energy integrated scattering over the full available q-range.
Physics, Astronomy, and Materials Science
Zella, Leo, Ali Zaidi, Munesh Rathore, Anshuman Dalvi, Saibal Mitra, and Tom Heitmann. "Neutron scattering studies of glassy solid state Li electrolytes." Bulletin of the American Physical Society 57 (2012).