Solvothermal synthesis of boron-doped graphene and nitrogen-doped graphene and their electrical properties
In this work, pristine graphene, nitrogen-doped graphene and boron-doped graphene were synthesized by a facile solvothermal process using potassium or lithium nitride as catalyst. The formation mechanism of graphene and doped graphene was discussed, and the chlorine gas generated during the reaction performed a significant role. High yield of graphene and doped graphene can be produced via the solvothermal route with relatively mild conditions, and X-ray photoelectron energy spectroscopy analysis confirmed the doping status and concentration of nitrogen or boron within graphene sheets. Especially, electrical properties of graphene-based field effect transistors revealed that the introduction of nitrogen or boron atoms into graphene sheets can effectively tailor electrical property of graphene from conducting characteristics to semiconducting behaviors.
Physics, Astronomy, and Materials Science
Zhu, Qianqian, Jianhua Yu, Wushou Zhang, Hongzhou Dong, and Lifeng Dong. "Solvothermal synthesis of boron-doped graphene and nitrogen-doped graphene and their electrical properties." Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy 5, no. 2 (2013): 021408.
Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy