Relationship between soil lead and airborne lead concentrations at Springfield, Missouri, USA
This study tests whether lead deposited to soil from automobiles during past years in a medium-sized US city (population 150000) may present a current health risk. It examines the relationship between current soil lead concentrations at nine locations within the city of Springfield, Missouri, and airborne lead levels measured at the same locations during years (1975-1981) when lead emissions from automobiles were much greater than at present. A strong, significant correlation is found between soil and airborne lead levels at eight of the sites (r=0.91, P<0.005 for soil lead vs. 1979 airborne lead), in low-traffic areas as well as in areas adjacent to heavy traffic flow. Residual lead concentrations in these soils are relatively low, even for the high-traffic sites, as expected for a medium sized city.
Air, Lead, Soil, Traffic
Sheets, Ralph W., Joseph R. Kyger, Richard N. Biagioni, Shelly Probst, Ron Boyer, and Karl Barke. "Relationship between soil lead and airborne lead concentrations at Springfield, Missouri, USA." Science of the total environment 271, no. 1-3 (2001): 79-85.
Science of the Total Environment