Intramolecular Halogen Bonding Supported by an Aryldiyne Linker


Intramolecular halogen bonds between aryl halide donors and suitable acceptors, such as carbonyl or quinolinyl groups, held in proximity by 1,2-aryldiyne linkers, provide triangular structures in the solid state. Aryldiyne linkers provide a nearly ideal template for intramolecular halogen bonding as minor deviations from alkyne linearity can accommodate a variety of halogen bonding interactions, including O···Cl, O···Br, O···I, N···Br, and N···I. Halogen bond lengths for these units, observed by single crystal X-ray crystallography, range from 2.75 to 2.97 Å. Internal bond angles of the semirigid bridge between halogen bond donor and acceptor are responsive to changes in the identity of the halogen, the identity of the acceptor, and the electronic environment around the halogen, with the triangles retaining almost perfect co-planarity in even the most strained systems. Consistency between experimental results and structures predicted by M06-2X/6-31G* calculations demonstrates the efficacy of this computational method for modeling halogen-bonded structures of this type.


Chemistry and Biochemistry

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The Journal of organic chemistry