Automated tongue feature extraction for ZHENG classification in Traditional Chinese Medicine
ZHENG, Traditional Chinese Medicine syndrome, is an integral and essential part of Traditional Chinese Medicine theory. It defines the theoretical abstraction of the symptom profiles of individual patients and thus, used as a guideline in disease classification in Chinese medicine. For example, patients suffering from gastritis may be classified as Cold or Hot ZHENG, whereas patients with different diseases may be classified under the same ZHENG. Tongue appearance is a valuable diagnostic tool for determining ZHENG in patients. In this paper, we explore new modalities for the clinical characterization of ZHENG using various supervised machine learning algorithms. We propose a novel-color-space-based feature set, which can be extracted from tongue images of clinical patients to build an automated ZHENG classification system. Given that Chinese medical practitioners usually observe the tongue color and coating to determine a ZHENG type and to diagnose different stomach disorders including gastritis, we propose using machine-learning techniques to establish the relationship between the tongue image features and ZHENG by learning through examples. The experimental results obtained over a set of 263 gastritis patients, most of whom suffering Cold Zheng or Hot ZHENG, and a control group of 48 healthy volunteers demonstrate an excellent performance of our proposed system. Copyright © 2012 Ratchadaporn Kanawong et al.
Kanawong, Ratchadaporn, Tayo Obafemi-Ajayi, Tao Ma, Dong Xu, Shao Li, and Ye Duan. "Automated tongue feature extraction for ZHENG classification in traditional Chinese medicine." Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2012 (2012).
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine