Near real-time analysis of extrinsic fabry-perot interferometric sensors under damped vibration using Artificial Neural Networks


Strain analysis due to vibration can provide insight into structural health. An Extrinsic Fabry-Perot Interferometric (EFPI) sensor under vibrational strain generates a non-linear modulated output. Advanced signal processing techniques, to extract important information such as absolute strain, are required to demodulate this non-linear output. Past research has employed Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) and Fast Fourier Transforms (FFT) to demodulate the EFPI sensor for limited conditions. These demodulation systems could only handle variations in absolute value of strain and frequency of actuation during a vibration event. This project uses an ANN approach to extend the demodulation system to include the variation in the damping coefficient of the actuating vibration, in a near real-time vibration scenario. A computer simulation provides training and testing data for the theoretical output of the EFPI sensor to demonstrate the approaches. FFT needed to be performed on a window of the EFPI output data. A small window of observation is obtained, while maintaining low absolute-strain prediction errors, heuristically. Results are obtained and compared from employing different ANN architectures including multi-layered feedforward ANN trained using Backpropagation Neural Network (BPNN), and Generalized Regression Neural Networks (GRNN). A two-layered algorithm fusion system is developed and tested that yields better results. © 2009 SPIE.

Document Type

Conference Proceeding




Artificial Neural Networks, Fiber optic strain sensors, Health monitoring, Smart structures

Publication Date


Journal Title

Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering