Title

Inflammasome activation by nucleic acids and nucleosomes in sterile inflammation… or is it sterile?

Abstract

Inflammasomes are multiprotein complexes that form in the cytoplasm in response to cellular damage and cytosolic pathogen‐associated molecules during infection. These complexes play important roles in initiating innate and adaptive immune responses to infectious disease. In addition, inflammasomes are now recognized as important mediators of sterile inflammation in various autoimmune and autoinflammatory diseases. Interestingly, microbiota and infection play critical roles in the development of ‘sterile inflammation'. Herein, we highlight recent advances in our understanding of the role for inflammasomes in nucleic acid‐, nucleosome‐, and histone‐driven sterile inflammation and discuss knowledge gaps and areas of potential future research.

Department(s)

Biology

Document Type

Article

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1111/febs.14076

Publication Date

2017

Journal Title

The FEBS journal

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