Redox Protein-Polymer Films for Simultaneous Determination of Ascorbic Acid and Hydrogen Peroxide
Layer by layer films of protein and redox polymer were constructed and used to simultaneously analyze ascorbic acid and hydrogen peroxide. The films were made using hemoglobin and poly[4-vinylpyridine Os(bipyridine)2Cl]-co-ethylamine (Pos-Ea). The film growth was monitored using cyclic voltammetry, quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Reversible pairs of oxidation-reduction peaks were observed using cyclic voltammetry corresponding to the OsII/OsIII from redox polymer and HbFeIII/HbFeII redox couples at 0.35 and -0.25 V vs. Ag/AgCl, respectively. The two redox centers were independent of each other. This enabled the simultaneous and independent determination of ascorbic acid and hydrogen. Peak currents were linearly related to concentration for both analytes in a mixture. The linear range of ascorbic acid was 0 - 1 mM (R2 = 0.9996, n = 5) at scan rate of 50 mV s-1 (sensitivity 3.5 µA/mM) while hydrogen peroxide linear range was 1.0 - 10.0 µM (R2 = 0.991, n = 6) with sensitivity of 1.85 µA/µM.
Mugweru, Amos, Hoang Khoa, Emmanuel Yawson, Sagar Tolani, and Adam Wanekaya. "Redox protein-polymer films for simultaneous determination of ascorbic acid and hydrogen peroxide." Analytical Sciences 24, no. 9 (2008): 1105-1110.