Sediment entrainment and transport in fluviokarst systems
The primary geomorphic process active in the development of karst stream systems is generally regarded as bedrock dissolution. However, physical erosional processes may also be an important geomorphic agent in karst development. The objectives of this study were to determine the sediment transport threshold in two fluviokarst streams. The source of the sediment was internal to the karst basins. The approach used was to calculate basal and critical shear stresses from streams in two karst systems to determine if, and how frequently, storm-induced flows are capable of mobilizing stream sediment. The fluviokarst systems investigated as a part of this research are capable of transporting 50-85% of their stream substrates during bankfull discharge conditions. Based on the discharge and precipitation frequency, stream flows capable of entraining d50 and d85 particles occur at intervals of 2.4 and 11.7 months (0.98 yr), respectively. Thus, the sediment transport threshold in fluviokarst streams is exceeded by relatively common discharge events. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Bankfull discharge, Fluviokarst, Sediment transport, Shear stress
Dogwiler, Toby, and Carol M. Wicks. "Sediment entrainment and transport in fluviokarst systems." Journal of Hydrology 295, no. 1-4 (2004): 163-172.
Journal of Hydrology